AIDS vaccine shows promising results
According to a study conducted in Thailand, a new vaccine for HIV has been shown to reduce the risk of being infected by the virus by 31 percent.
The study was conducted on more than 16,000 volunteers and has shown the best results out of such tests conducted so far. The vaccine administered was a combination of two vaccines, each of which has a different method of agency.Each vaccine was not very effective when administered individually, but the combination of the two proved to be good at preventing infection. Researchers do not think that the vaccine can be released just yet, but are starting to plan ways to improve the vaccine so that its effectiveness can be increased.
Source: Associated Press
Early antiviral use helps with swine flu
The World Health Organization believes that administering antivirals to patients displaying symptoms of swine flu early on will help cure the patients and prevent the disease from becoming more severe.
Statistics from across the world have shown that treatment of patients with drugs like oseltamivir and zanamivir right after the onset of symptoms prevents the development of further complications from the disease. The WHO recommended that people should not take the antivirals as a preventive measure before they have symptoms of the disease, as this could exacerbate the development of a drug-resistant form of the virus.
MRSA infections spread to pets
The drug-resistant Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) bacterium has typically been common in humans, especially in those who have been hospitalized for a long time. However, recently the germ has started infecting animals including dogs, cats, and rabbits. Researchers now believe that it is easy for animal caretakers to contract MRSA.
Researchers believe that the germ may have been initially transmitted to these animals from humans.
As a preventive measure, doctors recommend pet owners wash their hands before and after playing with the pets and not allow the pets to lick their faces.
Source: The New York Times
Alcohol may help with brain injury
According to a study published in the Archives of Surgery, alcohol may help patients recover from traumatic brain injuries.
Out of the patients studied, 38 percent had alcohol in their bloodstreams, and these patients had a lower risk of dying than those who did not have any alcohol in their blood.
Since alcohol consumption is the major cause for many accidents leading to brain trauma, researchers do not believe that drinking is good for the patients, but believe that this new discovery could lead to the development of better treatments.