Nuclear Awareness survey, Week 3

As weapons technology has advanced, and inevitably spread, the principles of warfare used by governments to justify their actions have changed. Today, it is widely accepted that biological and chemical warfare have limited military uses, and most governments have pledged to abstain via international conventions from their use. However, no such conventions exist that prohibit the use of nuclear weapons. Therefore, governments are left to define their own justifications. In December 2001, the U.S. Department of Defense issued its Nuclear Posture Review to outline how nuclear weapons fit into its overall defense strategy. How familiar are you with the United States? stance on nuclear weapons?
Turn to page A3 to find this week?s survey. Please e-mail responses to

  1. What was the United States? official explanation for why it attacked Japan with nuclear weapons? (select all that apply)

a) To retaliate against the attack on Pearl Harbor
b) To force Japan?s surrender and save American lives
c) To exhibit its newly-discovered weapon to the world
d) To intimidate the USSR with its military capabilities

  1. Which of the following statements are excerpts from the 2001 United States Nuclear Posture Review? (select all that apply)

a) ?U.S. nuclear forces still require the capability to hold at risk a wide range of target types.?
b) ?New capabilities must be developed to defeat emerging threats such as hard and deeply buried targets ... mobile and relocatable targets ... and to improve accuracy and limit collateral damage.?
c) ?The need is clear for the United States to establish a No-First-Use policy with respect to nuclear weapons.?
d) ?Reducing the role of nuclear weapons in the United States defense strategy in recognition of a changed relationship with Russia is a critical step away from the Cold War.?
e) ?Nuclear weapons play a critical role in the defense capabilities of the United States.?

Please either e-mail your responses to